STEP 1: Create an Emergency Supply Kit
What do you and your parents use every day? Clothes, food, a radio or tv, pet food, a first aid kit, and books and magazines- all of these are important every day items that we need during an emergency. Make an emergency supply kit that contains the items that are important to you and your family.
STEP 2: Make a Plan
Now that you have an emergency supply kit, you need a plan. Where will you go and what will you do if you are in an emergency situation? How will you get in contact with your family if you get separated? Have a family meeting place set in case you get lost. Create a list of important phone numbers and names of your immediate family and an out-of-town relative. Keep this list with your emergency supply kit.
STEP 3: Know the Facts
Be familiar with the terms that may be associated with an emergency situation.
- A tornado is a violent storm that appears as a funnel-shaped cone with winds that can be as strong as 300 miles per hour. A tornado, or twister, can occur anywhere, but are most common in “Tornado Alley”. During a tornado, take shelter in a room without windows.
- An earthquake is the movement of the earth along cracks in the earth’s surface. Earthquakes are measured on the Richter scale. In an earthquake, take cover from falling objects and wait until the shaking stops.
- A hurricane is a tropical storm with an “eye”. For a storm to be considered a hurricane, the winds must be at least 74 mph. Heavy rain, strong winds, and large waves can damage cars, buildings, homes, and even people- so make sure to take shelter during a hurricane and listen to local broadcasts to stay updated.
- Flooding is a natural condition and sometimes disaster that is the result of an overflowing river, heavy rain, a dam breaking, or snow melting to fast. Hurricanes, tornados, and tsunamis sometimes can also cause flooding. Do not play in flood water because it can be contaminated with dangerous substances ranging from broken glass to poisonous snakes.
- Fires can unexpectedly happen anywhere at any time. Know where emergency exits and fire extinguishers are. Never use an elevator during a fire. Get out immediately and call 9-1-1.
- A tsunami is a giant wave produced by underwater movement due to natural events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides. If you are told to evacuate, do it immediately.
- Terrorism is the threat or violence to scare governments into changing policies. A terrorist can be an individual or a member of an organization that shares the same beliefs.
That's it – You are Ready!
You have a supply kit, you know your plan, and you’re informed of the facts. You are now prepared in case an emergency event happens. Most importantly, remember to stay safe.